Magical images show a pod of dolphins & # 39; glowing & # 39; as they swim through bioluminescent algae off the California coast
- Photographer Patrick Coyne took the film off of & # 39; the coast of southern California
- The & # 39; magic & # 39; light performance is caused by the dolphins that disturb small dinoflagellates
- These solitary organisms release chemicals when they disturb you in blue
Amazing footage shows a pod of dolphins & # 39; glowing & # 39; as they swim through bioluminescent algae off the California coast.
Photographer Patrick Coyne – who took the video of & # 39; s coast of Newport Beach, California – described the view as one of & # 39; most & # 39; magic & # 39; nights of his life.
The bright show was caused by the dolphins that disturbed the small organisms, which glowed in a form of fear reaction.
Amazing footage shows a pod of dolphins & # 39; glowing & # 39; as they swim through bioluminescent algae, pictured, off the California coast
Mr. Coyne was inspired to look for the natural spectacle of watching dolphins swimming through bioluminescent water in a program on Netflix – and so went on an excursion with local tournament agency Newport Coastal Adventure.
& # 39; We were out for a few hours and on our last stretch back we finally had two dolphins to start with the incredible glowing show, & # 39; wrote Mr Coyne on Instagram.
& # 39; A few minutes later and we were greeted by a few more who weren't stupid. & # 39;
& # 39; I'm honestly still processing all this … & # 39;
According to Mr. Coyne, the recordings were challenging to film and required the perfect conditions – with bioluminescence that is both difficult to spot and inherently short lived in nature.
The glowing effect, often referred to as & # 39; the fire of & # 39; e sea & # 39 ;, is produced by microscopic, solitary organisms, known as dinoflagellates, specifically those of & # 39; a species of Noctiluca scintillans.
The small creatures produce two chemicals – luciferin and luciferase, and enzyme. When combined, the enzyme catalyzes a reaction to the luciferin – resulting in a signature blue flash that lasts for about 100 milliseconds.
Mr. Coyne was inspired to look up the natural spectacle of watching dolphins swimming through bioluminescent water in a program on Netflix
& # 39; When these single-cell algae are removed, two chemicals emerge from their bodies that do not make light, & # 39; commented ecologist Rebecca Helm of & # 39; the University of North Carolina, Asheville.
& # 39; That it is definitely an OMG response, & # 39; she added.
& # 39; Like, what would you do biologically if you threw 100,000 times your size through a dolphin? & # 39;
Photographer Patrick Coyne – who took the video from & # 39; s coast of Newport Beach, California – described the view as one of & # 39; most & # 39; magic & # 39; nights of his life
& # 39; THE FORCE & # 39; A SEA IS CONSIDERED BY A MICROSCOPIC ORGANISM
Usually called the & # 39; sea sparkle & # 39 ;, & # 39; sea ghost & # 39; or & # 39; fire of the sea & # 39 ;, Noctiluca scintillans is a microscopic single-celled organism.
They may appear as a red tide during the day, but when disturbed, however, they glow bright blue.
In high enough numbers, this effect can even be detected by satellites orbiting the Earth.
This phenomenon is called the & # 39; milk sea effect & # 39 ;, as & # 39; mareel & # 39; – as derived from Old Norse for & # 39; sea fire & # 39 ;.
Each individual Noctiluca scintillans is approximately 0.02 inches (0.5 millimeters) in diameter and has a tentacle-like & # 39; flagellum & # 39; that it helps to eat the plankton.
The microscopic creatures bob around in the water species, regulating their momentum to move up and down.
They are widely distributed across the oceans of the world.
Pictured, Noctiluca scintillans as seen under a microscope
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