Last year was the hottest experience in Europe since records began, according to a climate report released by the European Union.
It saw exceptional weather in the months of February, June and July, leading to record temperatures recorded across the continent.
Millions of swells in unbearable heat, with Britain reaching a new high temperature of 38.7 ° C (101.7 ° F) at the end of July.
Figures released today from & # 39; the European state of & # 39; a & # 39; Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) climate report from & # 39; The EU also unveiled 11 of the 12 hottest years on record for the continent since 2000.
The rainfall was close to average for the year as a whole, but warm weather and drought lasted several months. However, the annual figure is skewed by a continuous flood in mid-November.
The penultimate month of & # 39; s year saw a native four times the normal amount of rainfall in Western and Southern Europe, which & # 39; s a lot of & # 39; e UK decided in floods.
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In image, a graph showing how the average surface temperature in 2019 exceeded the average temperature between 1982-2010. The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) found from the EU Last year was the hottest experience in Europe since records began
For example, how the average surface temperature of Europe has changed since 1982. It shows a continuing trend (red bars) where the temperature continues to send well above average. This year's study found 11 of the 12 hottest years on record for the continent have occurred since 2000
Pictured, a boy jumps into the water of the Trocadero fountain in Paris during a heatwave on June 28, 2019. – The temperature in France on June 28 exceeded 45 ° C (113 ° F) for the first time 39; t Europe in a big hot wave
The analysis is the latest to be released by the Copernicus program and encompasses a wide range of data collected from various sources.
It revealed a clear and devastating warming trend for Europe that stretches back over four decades.
& # 39; The Copernicus report is important because & # 39; the project uses different data streams and methods then frequently reported datasets of & # 39; t UK Met Office, NASA and NOAA, explains Professor Kevin Cowtan at & # 39; York University.
& # 39; That they reached similar conclusions is further confirmation of & # 39; e impact of human activity on global climate, which largely continues in line with projections of both physical and statistical models. & # 39;
Other important findings of the EU Support Report are that average temperatures for the past five years have been 1.1 ° C above pre-industrial levels.
However, Europe is above the global norm, with an average of almost 2 ° C warmer than the level of the # & # 39; benchmark period of & # 39; the last 19th century.
This takes it recklessly close to the failure of the essential purpose of the Paris Agreement, affirming in 2015 what tasks keep countries with temperature rising to & # 39; well below & # 39; 2C above pre-industrial levels & to follow efforts to limit warming to 1.5C.
Data collected and presented in the Copernicus report is available to researchers free of charge and it is hoped that it can help to cope with the global warming.
Illustrated, how rainfall differs from the average between October 2 and December 2019. Blue indicates a rise above the rainfall norm and red indicates a decline compared to normal. The rainfall was close to average for the year as a whole, but the year-on-year figure is outlined by a continuing flood in mid-November, causing devastating floods
In November of 2019, four times the high amount of rainfall in Western and Southern Europe saw a flood that covered much of the UK in floods (pictured, a semi-submersible car in flood water on the edge of Fishlake village near Doncaster, northern England, on November 11, 2019)
Greenhouse gases continued to rise in 2019, finds EU-supported report
The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) of the EU collects a wide range of data on all factors related to the atmosphere.
This includes temperature, sunshine levels and rainfall, but it also expands to include greenhouse gas emissions.
It was found that in 2019 concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) continued to rise.
Both are greenhouse gases that are not called on the surface of the planet.
They are known to be major contributors to global warming and reducing these emissions is a major goal for climate campaigners, scientists and governments.
Global net fluxes of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen dioxide follow a continuing upward trend, a pattern that has been established in recent decades.
Scientists say that it is only possible to find concentrations as high as they were in 2019 by going back millions of years in history.
Carlo Buontempo, director of the & # 39; Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), says: & # 39; It is now more important than ever before that anyone has access to this information to help us understand the implications of the longer term climate change and what organizations and individuals can do to mitigate its effects.
& # 39; One exceptionally warm year is not a warming trend, but to have detailed information from our operational service that does not include many different aspects of our climate, we are able to connect the dots to learn more about how & # 39; it changes. & # 39;
The implications of continuous and extreme global warming are slim.
Despite cooler temperatures for most of the year across the European Arctic, the ubiquitous summer heatwave causes record loss of surface in Greenland.
A separate and independent study from & # 39; the University of & # 39; e Columbia published last week, found clear skies and warm temperatures in 2019 are responsible for the worst year on record for the large ice sheet of Greenland.
Last year, Greenland's mass balance – which accounts for melting and snowfall – increased by only 50 billion tons, 320 billion tons less than the 1981-2010 average.
However, when researchers also accounted for ice that floats away and floats in the ocean, it turned out that the Greenland ice sheet lost 600 billion tons in mass.
According to the researchers, this is equivalent to a global sea level rise of about 1.5mm.
Last year saw the largest number of sunshine hours, according to the EU Copernicus report. This durability of sunshine was seen throughout the year with below-average cloud cover for the first six months
2019 saw more hours of sunshine than every year since the 1980s
Last year saw the largest number of sunshine hours, according to the EU Copernicus report.
The previous record year was 2015. This metric was first recorded in 1983 and 2019 saw the highest amount of sunshine rates since these records began.
This marks a clear upward trend in solar hours over the last 40 years across the continent, say the authors of the study.
This duration of sunshine was seen throughout the year with below-average cloud cover for the first six months.
Areas that experienced the most sunshine above average were Spain, parts of France, Central Europe and most of Eastern Europe.
Unusual persistent high-pressure attacks across the country prevented the formation of ice, which led to a fall in snowfall and an increase in ice milk.
The Greenland ice sheet contains enough frozen water to raise sea level by 7 feet if it were to disappear altogether.
In response to the latest report, Professor Hannah Cloke, a natural hazards researcher at the University of Reading, calls on the public not to forget about the ongoing climate crisis that is the global health pandemic.
She warned: & # 39; In lockdown, sitting on our couches or our toolbars or in much more difficult situations, it would be easy for us to take our eyes off this alarming reality; that 2019 was the warmest year on record for Europe, which November brought us massively more rainfall than usual.
& # 39; And for every decade that I am on this planet, it has been getting hotter and hotter and hotter. & # 39;
Professor Rowan Sutton, of the National Center for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) at the University of Reading, said Europe is warming significantly faster than the global average.
& # 39; This is for two reasons: First, warn country regions & # 39; s in & # 39; t is generally faster than the oceans, largely because the greater availability of moisture across the oceans slows the rate of warming.
& # 39; Second, have reductions in specific forms of air pollution, & # 39; anthropogenic aerosols & # 39; contributed to & # 39; a recent warming in Europe, especially in the & # 39; summer. & # 39;
C3S is implemented by the European Center for Medium Range Forecasts on behalf of the European Commission.
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