To mark its 30th anniversary, the Hubble Space Telescope team has released a beautiful new image, captured by the satellite with a large star-forming region.
Named & # 39; tapestry or blazing starbirth & # 39; the new image brings together the nebula NGC 2014 and its neighbor NGC 2020 – both approximately 163,000 light-years from Earth.
They are part of & # 39; the Milky Way satellite galaxy the Great Magellanic Cloud and the image is nicknamed & # 39; Cosmic Reef & # 39 ;, it & # 39; s like an undersea world.
Hubble was launched on April 24, 1990 on & # 39; discovery of & # 39; a Space Shuttle and has & # 39; modern astronomy & # 39; revolutionized, according to the European Space Agency.
This image is one of & # 39; most photogenic examples of & # 39; many turbulent stellar nurseries that the NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope has observed during its 30-year life
This wide-field view captures the pair of nebulae NGC 2014 and NGC 2020 in Dorado's constellation. These two glowing gas clouds, located in the center of the frame, lie in the Great Magellanic Cloud, one of Milky Way's satellite galaxies
& # 39; The Hubble Space Telescope has shaped the imagination of truly a great generation, and inspired not only scientists, but almost everyone, & # 39; said Günther Hasinger, ESA Director of Science.
To date, in the & # 39; s mission, NASA and ESA's joint space telescope made 1.4 million observations and led to 17,000 research documents.
& # 39; It's one of & # 39; the most productive space observers in history and the rich data archive will follow future astronomy research for generations, & # 39; wrote ESA.
Astrophysicist, Neil deGrasse Tyson, said that Hubble has spent 30 years living in the outer universe and bringing images of the most beautiful and spectacular cosmic phenomenon into our minds.
He said the telescope had a lifetime & # 39; brought the universe down to Earth & # 39 ;.
Each year, Hubble devotes a small portion of his precious observation time to creating a special anniversary image, displaying particularly beautiful objects.
These observations challenge scientists with surprising new findings and fascinate the public with increasingly evocative images.
This year, it marked 30 years of discovery with a portrait of two colorful nebulae that do not show how massive stars can draw their homes from gas and dust.
Although NGC 2014 and NGC 2020 appear to be separate in the visible light image taken by Hubble, they are actually part of one giant star-forming complex.
The star-forming regions are dominated by the glory of stars at least 10 times more massive than our Sun.
These stars have short lives of only a few million years, compared to the Sun's 10-billion-year life.
& # 39; The sparkling centerpiece of NGC 2014 is a grouping of bright, bright stars near the center of & # 39; an image that & # 39; s its hydrogen gas cocoon (colored red) and dust in which it was born was blown away, & # 39; ESA wrote.
& # 39; A stream of ultraviolet radiation from the star cluster illuminates the landscape around it. & # 39;
This impression of artists shows the Hubble Space Telescope floating above the earth. In its 30 years, it has led to the creation of thousands of research articles
In Hubble's life, Hubble has captured some really great images, including this one of a major hurricane of gas in & # 39; e space, set aside by an aging star named NGC 2022
The pillars of creation of Eagle Nebula, captured in infrared, may be among the most important images Hubble has ever produced. It is a giant star that represents the region of space
This image of a spiral galaxy NGC 2008 sitting center stage shows its ghostly spiral arms spreading to us. It is just one of millions of observations made by Hubble
These massive stars also release fierce winds that erode the gas cloud above and to the right of them.
The gas in these areas is less dense, making it easier for the stellar wind to blow through them, creating bubble-like structures that do not resemble brain coral.
In contrast, the blue-colored nebula under NGC 2014 was formed by one mammoth star that is roughly 200,000 times lighter than our Sun.
The star in this Hubble image is 15 times more massive than our Sun and releases strong winds that have cleared the area around it.
It poured out its outer layers of gas, it ran into a conical shape, and exposed its searing hot core.
Stars, both large and small, are born as clouds of dust and gas collapse because of gravity.
This is the Cartwheel Galaxy and was captured by the Hubble Space Telescope. It is located about 500 million light years away in Sculptor's constellation, the galaxy shape of this galaxy is the result of a fierce galactic collision
Another example of & # 39; Hubble's contribution to & # 39; science is this image of & # 39; the bright southern hemisphere star RS Puppis, in & # 39; t center of image, is wrapped in a gossamer cocoon of reflective fabric illuminated by the glittering star. The superstar is ten times more massive than the sun and 200 times taller and more rhythmically inclined and dims in a six-week cycle
This is an image captured by the Hubble Space Telescope of a young, glittering collection of stars that do not resemble an aerial photograph. The cluster is surrounded by clouds of interstellar gas and dust – the raw material for new star formation. The nebula, located 20,000 light years away in the constellation Carina, contains a central cluster of enormous, hot stars, named NGC 3603
As more material falls on the forming star, it is eventually heated and close enough to its center to trigger the nuclear fusion reactions that shine stars, including our Sun.
Massive stars make up just a few percent of the billions of stars in our Universe. Yet they play a crucial role in shaping our Universe, through stellar winds, supernova explosions, and the production of heavy elements.
In its 30 years, Hubble has conquered the world with beautiful images of stellar objects such as the crab nebula, Jupiter and the Eagle Nebular – the Pillars of Creation.
Hubble has helped scientists find the age of the universe – up to about 13.7 billion years – by measuring the brightness of variable stars.
& # 39; Knowing the time of the universe is not just a matter of curiosity, & # 39; Hubble scientists said in a statement.
& # 39; By giving us a time scale for the evolution of stars and galaxies, it helps refine our models of how & # 39; the universe – and everything in it – is formed. & # 39;
The tentacled Southern Crab Nebula, officially known as Hen 2-104, lies several thousand light years from & # 39; the earth in & # 39; a ray of the southern hemisphere of Centaurus, taken by the Hubble Space Telescope on its 29th Anniversary
On its 28th anniversary, the Hubble Space Telescope captured this image of Lagoon Nebula, a large star nursery that is 4,000 light years away, visible in the & # 39; e binoculars than just a smudge light with a bright core
This stomach captured by the Hubble Space Telescope shows the Antenna Galaxies, also called NGC 4038 and NGC 4039, which are locked in a deadly embrace. Once normal, sedate spiral galaxies such as the Milky Way, the couple have been sparring with each other for the past hundred million years. This collision is so violent that stars are ripped from their host galaxies to form a flowing arc between the two
This image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope shows blue speckles scattered across galaxy NGC 2906 – they are clusters of massive, young stars that emit hot, blue-tinted radiation as they burn through a fuel by their fuel.
Astronaut Hazzaa AlMansoori said: & # 39; The Hubble Space Telescope from & # 39; e NASA has given us a tapestry of images of our universe, galaxies and stars far beyond what we imagined, that it is impossible to emphasize their unquantifiable diversity and contribution to the field of space science. Happy Birthday Hubble! & # 39;
It also gave researchers an insight into & # 39; formation of galaxies in & # 39; the earliest years of our universe – through a single little place in the air.
Hubble helped astronomers discover that Pluto had multiple moons and NASA allowed the New Horizons mission to plan the dwarf planet.
One of the more recent services has been to help astronomers search for planets outside the solar system – so-called exoplanets.
Hubble will be replaced next year by the James Webb Space Telescope – a joint ESA and NASA project.
Unless there is a major error at Hubble, it will likely continue to provide observations at least until James Webb launches and possibly beyond.
Unlike Hubble, James Webb will be farther away – Hubble exploded about 340 miles above Earth, but the James Webb telescope will be 930,000 miles away – almost three times further away than the month.
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is still operating and has made more than 1.3 million observations since its mission began in 1990
The Hubble Telescope was launched on April 24, 1990, through the Kennedy Space Center Discovery spacecraft in Florida.
It is named after the famous astronomer Edwin Hubble who was born in 1889 in Missouri.
He is probably most famous for not finding out that the universe is expanding and the rate of it doing so – now made the Hubble constant.
The Hubble Telescope is named after the famous astronomer Edwin Hubble who was born in Missouri in 1889 (image)
Hubble has made more than 1.3 million observations since its mission began in 1990 and helped publish more than 15,000 scientific articles.
It orbited the Earth at a speed of about 17,000 km / h (27,300 km / h) in a low earth orbit at a height of about 340 miles in height.
Hubble has the viewing accuracy of .007 arc seconds, which is when a laser beam can shine that's aimed at Franklin D. Roosevelt's head at a dozen about 200 miles (320 km) away.
The Hubble telescope is named after Edwin Hubble who was responsible for the emergence of the Hubble constant and is one of the & # 39; the greatest astronomers of all time
The Hubble primary mirror is 2.4 meters (7 feet, 10.5 inches) across and a total of 13.3 meters (43.5 feet) long – the length of a large school bus.
The launch and deployment of Hubble in April 1990 marked the most significant advance in astronomy since the Galileo telescope.
Thanks to five service missions and over 25 years of operation, our view of the universe and our place there was never the same.
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