Carbon emissions from the power sector have slumped by almost 40 per cent across Europe due to coronavirus lockdowns, analysis suggests.
Emissions of CO2 from energy generation, including the harmful combustion of coal, have been 39 percent lower in the past 30 days than the same period in 2019.
The analysis of climate think tank Ember and published on climate website Carbon Brief reveals that coal has taken the size of & # 39; e fall in & # 39; e question of power.
Current production of both brown coal and hard coal both fell more than 40 percent last month compared to last year, because of the costs involved.
The UK, in particular, went through a record-breaking 19-day period without the use of coal-generating power – the longest stretch since the Industrial Revolution.
Generation of lignite, like brown coal, and hard coal have both been down more than 40% over the past month on what they were for the same period last year
Instead of carbon-burning coal, Europe has seen a rise in more environmentally friendly forms of energy generation, including wind and solar.
The lack of coal burning as a power source is due to the costs associated with running coal plants during a financially unstable period, suggesting that electricity systems could switch away from coal for good.
& # 39; The data from this unusual period of crisis show that electricity systems can operate smoothly and reliably, even if variable durability such as wind and solar increase shares to & # 39; meet demand that was not expected until at least 2025, "said Dave Jones, an electricity analyst who is leading the coal phase-out for Ember.
Last month also marked a lack of flexibility in the electricity market, with many power plants being unable to switch off in response to low or even negative market prices.
& # 39; Electricity systems need to become much more flexible to accommodate higher levels of wind and solar in & # 39; to include a future, including through responsive demand that can & # 39; t switch when power is cheap, & # 39; he said.
The figures from the Carbon Brief analysis, released on Wednesday, compare a period that began a month ago – when major European economies began to secure the rate of infection – with the same period last year.
Demand for electricity as a whole has been down 14 per cent in 27 EU member states (EU27) and the UK over the past 30 days, compared to the same period in 2019, figures show.
POPULAR RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Solar – light and heat of the sun.
Wine – via wind turbines to power electric generators.
Hydro – determined from falling or rapidly running water.
Tidal – energy of & # 39; rise and fall of & # 39; a sea level.
Geothermal – generates and stores energy in the Earth.
Biomass – Organic material burned to release stored energy from the sun.
Source: EDF Energy
Generation from lignite, as brown coal, and anthracite, as hard coal, both fell more than 40 percent in the past month, due to the cost of fossil fuels, including payment for their carbon footprint.
The UK has since launched a record-breaking carbon-free run, with more than 19 days without electricity generated by the fossil fuel.
At 6:10 a.m. BST on Tuesday morning, the country surpassed its previous record of 18 days, 6 hours and 10 minutes.
Neighbors Portugal have recently managed even longer without coal power, lasting a month without coal generation.
Over the EU27 and the UK, coal averages 11 percent of the & # 39; electricity mix in & # 39; last month, a record low for fuel.
Gas generation is also down 30 percent in Europe compared to the same period last year.
Renewable energy sources have also been increased during the lockdown, with solar parks capitalizing on the recent good weather
Meanwhile, renewable energy has seen a boost, with solar energy production up 28 per cent last year, due to sunny weather and new panel installations.
Overall, wind and solar power accounted for 23 percent of European electricity production in & # 39; accounted for the last 30 days, compared to 18 per cent in 2019 as a whole.
In the United Kingdom, wind and solar have produced about a third – 32 per cent – of electricity, while Denmark has & # 39; a head is from & # 39; grandfather, with 65 percent of its power that & # 39; comes from & # 39; e two durable.
Britain's national lockdown during the coronavirus pandemic has seen the country use about 20 percent less energy than normal, it also revealed this week.
Carbon emissions from the power sector have slumped by almost two-fifths across Europe as a result of the coronavirus lockdown, analysis suggests
The downturn in demand as millions of Britons stay indoors has coincided with a fourteen-day period of good weather, seen as energy consumption is declining.
Although lockdown measures have seen an increase in domestic energy consumption when people stay home, this has been more than offset by reduced industrial demand.
& # 39; 2020 will be a record year for the UK's electricity system, and I have little doubt that we will see more exciting developments to continue the growth and performance of renewable energy while not transforming us, & # 39; said Fintan Slye, executive director of National Grid ESO.
& # 39; Within a few days, we have seen a new record of solar generation, and the longest period of carbon-free operation in Britain. & # 39;
Earlier this year, Carbon Brief reported that the & # 39; s UK carbon emissions in & # 39; The past decade has fallen by almost a third, even as the economy grows by a fifth.
The country emitted 354 million tons of carbon dioxide last year – a reduction of almost 30 per cent since 2010 – while CO2 alone fell by 2.9 per cent in 2019.
That figure puts pollution at its lowest level since 1888, except for years of general strikes, during the industrial boom when Queen Victoria rose to the throne.
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